The best time to transplant ferns is in early spring, while still dormant but just as new growth begins to emerge. If you’re thinking of transplanting any of your ferns, now is a great time to do it. Most fern types are easily divided and moved, though transplanting ferns from the wild is discouraged or even illegal, as some species are endangered or protected. This tough fern grows wild and in profusion in south-eastern Ontario, Canada. From my experience wild ferns are best left on the ground and in the shade. TIMING – I’ve successfully transplanted ferns in spring and fall but I wouldn’t recommend doing it in the summer. Water ferns immediately after they are transplanted, and continue to water the plants weekly until they are established. Add mulch each growing season to help suppress weeds and keep the soil around your fern plantings moist. I wonder if I could transplant some of my wild ferns and hang them in baskets. Before taking on any type of fern transplant, you’ll want to be familiar with the particular species you have and its specific growing conditions. Next, dig a hole as deep as the one you removed the fern from. Step 1, Water the fern generously two days before digging it up. Move it to the prepared location and cover the shallow roots with a couple of inches of soil. If a fern's growth in the wild is rampant, it is likely to be even more so in your garden. Till a suitable area with a clean fork or shovel, working compost into the soil to improve tilth and fertility. Can you transplant White Pine? Morning or fi… Ferns are light feeders that do not usually require fertilizer – in fact, they can be damaged by over-fertilization. Be picky on where you plant them though. Fill in around the roots with soil or compost, gently tamping the area at the base of the fern to settle the plant into its new home. She holds a Bachelor of Science in agriculture from Cornell University and a Master of Professional Studies in environmental studies from SUNY College of Environmental Science and Forestry. 8. Most varieties grow well in, and even prefer, shady areas with damp, fertile soil, though some types will thrive in full sun with moist soil. Welcome to the Ontario Ferns website Your "online field guide" to Ontario's ferns : This website is all about ferns that grow in Ontario (Canada). In the fall, wait until the leaves turn brown to move ferns. Ferns make excellent companions for woodland plantings like hosta, columbine, liriope, and caladiums. If possible, lift the whole fern clump in one piece. Find more gardening information on Gardening Know How: Keep up to date with all that's happening in and around the garden. If you are going to transplant, I would wait for a day when it is going to rain to transplant. WATER – As with most plants, if you transplant them in fall your watering woes decrease dramatically. 7. Ponderosa pine trees can be transplanted by digging out the root system then gently removing from the ground and placing into a similar size hole in your garden. Sign up for our newsletter. How do you transplant a Ponderosa pine? Help answer a question about Transplanting Wild Ferns - Gardening Know How Questions & Answers. As you cut the dense root ball into pieces, be sure that each section of roots has leaves growing from it. If possible, shield the new transplant from direct sunlight for 3 to 5 days. You would often see wild ferns growing like crazy on the side of the road. Transplanting: The optimal time to transplant ferns is from late spring through the end of summer (but not during a drought). Recommendations for growing Painted Fern. Recently, I decided to redo a couple of my perennial garden beds - in particular, my fern garden outside the Tenant House. Photo credit Amadej Trnkoczy CC BY NC SA 2.0 Found throughout the northern hemisphere and in all Canadian provinces, fiddleheads have been a staple spring vegetable in the Maritimes for hundreds of years and are gaining in popularity across North America. Most ferns are easy to grow, especially when all their basic needs are met. Shade or sun or something in-between, it is a statuesque, commanding presence. When transplanting ferns, be sure to dig up the entire clump, getting as much soil with it as possible. Generally, they simply need rich soil and a thick layer of organic mulch to thrive. They come in a wide range of colors, shapes, and sizes. In the early spring, ferns are best moved just as the fiddleheads begin to emerge from the ground, though you must be careful with the tender new growth as you move them. Ferns are very hardy plants, and have been around for millions of years. Here are 10 wild foods that can be found throughout cottage country. I live in northern Ontario, Canada. This fern is more adaptable than it looks, but consistent moisture and partial shade will keep it looking fresh all summer. If you have ferns in your backyard and your backyard is fairly typical, your ferns are more likely to be planted or potted than growing wild. Apart from in July and August, spores are released year-round from dashes that go across the leaf’s underside. Yes. It also helps to … Transplanting outdoor ferns requires a few very specific tools and a decent amount of care. Look around to find ferns to transplant, as many communities have plant swapping groups or events. That takes us to our next point. Ferns appear in the fossil record nearly 360 million years ago. Never collect ferns from the wild. On others the main fern leaves may die but you will probably see new shoots coming out from the base. Many fern varieties prefer moist soil, so do not let your newly transplanted ferns dry out. There is no need to fertilize ferns at this point. Despite their fragile appearance, ferns are tough and adaptable. Ferns are a great plant and I have many varieties that are in my hosta beds. So what should you keep in mind when it comes to transplanting ferns? Taking an established plant from the wild offers a much better chance of success if done correctly. Problems: Ferns are wonderfully trouble-free. Transplanting Ferns at My Farm . Sign up to get all the latest gardening tips! It also helps to move a fern plant in the evening or when it’s cloudy, which will lessen the effects of transplant shock. Good luck with them. Potted ferns can usually be transplanted or repotted anytime but care should be taken if this is performed during its active growth. If the fern grows only in a specialized habitat, such as moist rock crevices, it may be difficult to grow in the garden. Left: Some species of fern, such as autumn fern, change colors during the growing season. If a friend or neighbor has large plantings of ferns, ask whether they might be willing to divide a clump or two for you. Candice Talbot Wednesday, July 31st, 2019. Some ferns can tolerate some sun, providing the soil is kept adequately moist. Most of the ferns featured on this website grow elsewhere in eastern North … Recently, I decided to redo a couple of my perennial garden beds - in particular, my fern garden outside the Tenant House. The ideal time to transplant ferns is in early spring unless they’re potted. Potted ferns can usually be transplanted or repotted anytime but care should be taken if this is performed during its active growth. Use a floating row cover or lean a board in front of the transplant to block the direct sun. Once you get some going, they spread like crazy! A group of thousands of species and hundreds of genera all belonging to division Tracheophyta, ferns are shade-loving plants that grow in U.S. Department of Agriculture zones 3 to 10. With a sweet taste like onions, wild leeks are native to eastern Canada, including Ontario’s hardwood forests. Shelter from wind. However, it is important to reproduce their natural habitat as much as possible to ensure success in growing these plants. Lift the clump from its bottom (or root area) rather than by the fronds, which can lead to breakage. That having been said, if collecting nonendangered species is legal in your area, and if you have permission from the landowner, and if you are able to exactly duplicate in your garden the ferns' growing conditions in the wild (three big "ifs"), you may have some luck if you dig well away from the fern's crown in the early spring before growth is very advanced, transfer a large ball of soil around … At the right you see a fern that climbs like a vine, the Japanese Climbing Fern. Don't expect all ferns to fit your stereotype of what a fern should be. Along with freelancing, she also runs a small farm with her family in Central New York. A bright green fern with leathery, fleshy fronds, sea spleenwort grows in sea caves, rocky walls and building mortar on coasts in the west and north. Most ferns are slow growing and can take several years to reach their mature size. Spring is also the ideal time to divide any large clumps of fern that you might have in the garden. If you're not from Ontario, don't go away! Some ferns float on water! Try planting a little deeper when transplanting them and don't forget to water. Learning how to take care of ferns depends mostly on the type you grow. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. Good luck! It dies back in late fall, and sprouts heartily in late April, with the trilliums. Meg Schader is a freelance writer and copyeditor. The best time to transplant ferns is in early spring, while still dormant but just as new growth begins to emerge. The key to growing native ferns is to plant the fern in … When to Transplant Ferns. Fill around the edges, gently firming the soil to the roots. If you move a fern at the wrong time or in the wrong way, you risk the loss of the plant. Lift the fern clump from the ground, removing as much soil from the roots as possible with your hands. Dig straight down to preserve as much of the root ball as possible. Ferns make wonderful additions to woodland gardens or shady borders and contrast well with hostas and other foliage plants. Wild Leeks. It was in ... Q. Ostrich Fern - Something seems to be eating my ostrich fern. During the transplanting process, dig up the entire fern and clump around it, taking as much soil as possible. What remedy would you recommend? It may also help to cut back all the foliage on larger ferns after planting. Place each fern division in its own hole, with the root ball at the same depth as its original location. Then, push the shovel in again and lift the fern up out … Replanting ferns in shade Place each fern division in its own hole, with the root ball at the same depth as its original location. Well, you’re not alone. If you’re thinking of transplanting any of your ferns, now is a great time to do it. Ferns are plentiful in the wild, yet it’s unusual to see them growing in a home landscape. After digging up the clump, cut the root ball or pull apart the fibrous roots and then replant elsewhere. For best results, top dress the area around your ferns with peat moss, leaves or worm castings to improve the soil, but hold back from applying commercial fertilizers to ferns. Ostrich fern sterile fronds. Others, like royal and ostrich ferns, can tower to six feet. After transplanting, be sure and “water them in” their new homes with plenty of room temperature water. Companion Planting With Cilantro – What Is Cilantro A Companion Plant Of? Read on to learn more. Also called ramps, they can be found growing in the spring and look like scallions with wider leaves. Transplanting. This is for transplanting a new seedling or plant into the garden during the hardening-off process. Make sure your fern is well-hydrated as the plant’s ability to absorb moisture will be diminished for a week or two after it is divided because its root system will be compromised.Step 2, Dig up an outdoor fern with a shovel. How To Transplant A Tree Fern: Tips For Relocating A Tree Fern, Ostrich Fern Info: Learn More About How To Grow Ostrich Ferns, Fertilizing Hostas – How To Fertilize A Hosta Plant, Sensory Walkway Ideas – Creating Sensory Garden Paths, Grow A Recycled Garden With Kids: Recycled Planters For Kids To Make, Flea Market Gardening: How To Turn Junk Into Garden Décor, Juniper Twig Blight Disease: Symptoms And Solutions For Twig Blight On Juniper. Photo courtesy of Outdoor Canada. It is a beautiful, almost prehistoric looking plant, commanding a real space in the garden. Q. Ostrich Fern Turn Brown/black - I acquired a lot of ostrich ferns from someone who wanted to get rid of them. And ferns offer great shelter for small animals and birds to safely rest, feed or hide. Look for a site that is similar to the location of the existing fern. Before you move them, you may want to have their new planting area well prepared with plenty of organic matter. Native woodland soil with lots of well-composted organic matter is good for ferns. Few will thrive in deep shade, though the evergreen varieties are the most tolerant of low light. Ferns in Ontario. While most ferns average between one and three feet tall and wide, some, such as resurrection fern, grow only a few inches tall. White pine is one of the easiest trees to successfully transplant from the wild to your garden. Q. Ostrich Fern Planting Instructions - Do I plant these roots now? Allow the transplants to recuperate in the shade for a couple weeks before moving into direct sun. If it has to be split, use as few divisions as possible so that the fern will still retain much of the shape it had in the previous year. Dividing ferns in the fall or early spring is recommended by experts like University of Minnesota Extension. That’s unfortunate, because these graceful perennials have so much to offer! The largest and most statuesque of our native ferns, the leathery, arching fronds growing 4-6 feet in length! Collecting Onion Seeds: How To Harvest Onion Seeds, What Causes Lots Of Flowers And No Tomatoes On Tomato Plants, Cut Flower Gardening: Growing Flowers For Others, Pieces Of Garden Wisdom – Gardening Tips For Beginners, Garden Renovation: Giving Life To Neglected Garden Beds, Ordering Plants: Planning The Spring Garden Begins In Winter. While many types of hardy garden ferns are deciduous, some are evergreen. They are easy to grow, long-lived and require zero care. Water well after planting and then add a layer of mulch to help retain moisture. Grow only those plants for which you have the proper conditions. Be cautious in your selection. Some ferns are sold by local nurseries and garden centers, and gardeners are often willing to divide plants to share with friends and neighbors, so it should be easy to source ferns to transplant to shady areas of your yard. I hate the thought of transplanting and simply killing them, so it would be nice if someone had … Ferns growing in partial sunlight may require more frequent watering than those growing in full shade. Ever wonder when and how to transplant ferns from one place to another? 9. Curly new babies that will take over and grow into new plants. Also, help answer other questions about Flowers & Foliage and Ferns, and plants at GardeningKnowHow.com Using your shovel or a clean knife, divide the root ball in half or into quarters, recommends Gardening Know How. Before you move them, you may want to have their new planting area well prepared with plenty of organic matter. Ferns are some of the most intriguing plants I have come across while conducting field surveys in central Ontario.They are living fossils! I transplanted a piece from my cottage to my town garden, where it enjoys a moist soil and about 3 hours of direct sun daily. And a good potting soil is … Wildflowers can introduce the look of wild, native beauty to your yard, as long as you follow some simple steps for transplanting wildflowers from their natural wild into your garden. Animals and birds, such as the snowshoe hare, white-tailed deer, grouse and wild turkey, also find some ferns tasty. There are even commercial fiddlehead farms popping up in Ontario, Quebec and the Maritimes. Starting flowers from seeds takes time and results are not guaranteed. This is not for moving/transplanting a plant. In any case, they’re perfect for the areas below trees where a little bit of light can still filter through. This will allow the fern to focus more energy on the root system, making it easier for the plant to establish itself in its new location. University of Minnesota Extension: How and When to Divide Perennials, Gardening Know How: Separating Ferns: Learn How To Divide Fern Plants, Better Homes & Gardens: 9 Top Ferns to Liven Up Your Shade Garden. Growing a fern garden outdoors is easy. Generally, ferns prefer rich, well-drained soil with full to part shade, according to Better Homes & Gardens. Apply a thick layer of organic mulch, like cedar bark or pine needles, around the base of your fern plantings. And I have a bit of a soft spot for them because they remind me of the landscape near the old family cottage growing up. This will also help keep your ferns healthy and give them a much better chance of thriving after the transplant. Ferns are very hardy plants, and have been around for millions of years. Note: In many areas, it may be illegal to transplant ferns that are found in the wild; therefore, you should only transplant them from your own property or those that have been purchased. They rarely succumb to diseases and are deer-resistant. Using a clean, disinfected spade or shovel, dig a circle around a fern clump. Push the shovel straight down into the soil about 6 inches away from the fern stems, all the way around the fern. We also have a lot of wild ferns growing in the ditches in shaded areas. Ferns that grow in the woods should never be dug up and transplanted – unless the woodland property belongs to you. It usually rains in the fall here in the Mid-Atlantic gardening region so God will take care … Ferns require little additional nutrients to thrive. They suddenly appeared alongside my garden pond stream: http://cranberrymorning.b… Most garden ferns are woodland plants that prefer rich organic soils, adequate moisture, and shelter from the hot afternoon sun and drying winds. Fill the bottom of your container with a high quality potting mix and place the divided fern in the pot. It is one of few ferns that can survive in salt spray! Notes: One of the first life forms to evolve on Earth, ferns are thought to pre-date dinosaurs and flowering plants. Layer of organic mulch to help retain moisture many varieties that are my. From one place to another it may also help keep your ferns healthy and give them much... A layer of organic mulch, like cedar bark or pine needles around... 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Them in” their new planting area well prepared with plenty of organic matter do I plant these now.