In addition, in Czechia and Slovakia St. Nicholas is accompanied by an angel. St.Nikolaus Day in Germany By: Janie and Marillah fun facts St. Nikolaus day is celebrated on December 6th. Saint Nicholas Day, also called the Feast of Saint Nicholas, is observed on 6 December or on 5 December in Western Christian countries, and on 19 December in Eastern Christian countries using the old church Calendar. The most important thing is that it has to be freshly-cleaned and polished. The tradition continues to this day in Germany, where children leave out a shoe on the evening of December 5. He is accompanied by the Schmutzli a frightening helper wearing a brown monk's habit. Stadtkirche St Nikolaus, Bad Reichenhall: See 18 reviews, articles, and 35 photos of Stadtkirche St Nikolaus, ranked No.8 on Tripadvisor among 13 attractions in Bad Reichenhall. Ten Niklausen from St Nikolaus im Warndt, Germany, went to Freyming-Merlebach, France, to learn how to be St Niklaus Still, for St. Nicholas Day there is an increased demand for the smaller size apple varieties, Gala, Kanzi, and Elstar, as reported by a government office. In the rest of Portugal this is not celebrated. In Alsace and in Franconian Lorraine Saint Nicolas is also accompanied by the Christkind. For the painting by Jan Steen, see, A depiction of Saint Nicholas with his sack standing next to a, Belgium, Netherlands, Luxembourg and Lower Rhineland (Germany), Eastern Central Europe and Eastern Europe, A Dictionary of Albanian Religion, Mythology, and Folk Culture, Robert Elsie NYU Press, 2001, p. 189. [CDATA[ (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); // ]]> St Nicholas Making his Rounds- creative commons photo by-Gamsjaga. In the Netherlands, the primary occasion for gift-giving is 5 December, when his feast day is celebrated. The most popular one (also the subject of a popular French children's song) is of three children who wandered away and got lost. Depending on the cultural background, in some families this celebration is more important than Christmas. The Germans celebrate St. Nicholas Day by giving kids some sweets pack in a Christmas bag or sack. Bakeries and home kitchens are hives of activity as spiced gingerbread biscuits and mannala (a brioche shaped like the saint) are baked. In practice, just as with Santa Claus, all children receive gifts without distinction. Some of the traditions and rituals of Christmas, such as leaving out a shoe or stocking to be filled, are similar to the traditions of Saint Nicholas Day. The most famous tradition on St. Nicholas Day is that little kids put their polished shoes or socks outside the door or window, and at night St. Nicholas fills them with little gifts. Dec 16, 2013 - Did you Know…. and other such blessings. St. Nicholas also appears together with St. Peter, with an angel, the Christchild (Christkindl). If they were not, they will have a stick (eine Rute) in their boots instead. Read the story with your children (see Resources for book recommendations) English synopses There are many legends about the real St. Nikolaus, especially those highlighting his generosity towards others and his humility. In Suhuan, St. Nicholas (Maltese: San Nikola, less commonly San Niklaw) is the patron saint of the town of Siġġiewi where his feast is celebrated on the last Sunday in June. If they fail to do so they will receive a visit from "Parkelj" or Krampus who traditionally leaves a rod, an instrument their parents will use to discipline them. The evil butcher has followed St. Nicolas in penance ever since as Père Fouettard. St. Nicholas (San Nicola) is the patron of the city of Bari, where it is believed he is buried. In Ukraine, St Nicholas (Mykolay) visits good children during the night (18–19 December [O.S. [10], On the Frisian islands (Waddeneilanden), the Sinterklaas feast has developed independently into traditions very different from the one on the mainland.[11]. He died on December 6, 345 A.D., which has become the Feast day of St. Nikolaus and Nikolaustag. In Germany, December 6th is St. Nikolaus’ Day, an important date for the children of Germany and many European nations. Some European cities such as Bari, Italy recognize St. Nicholas as the patron saint and celebrate with different activities such as gift-giving, parades, feasts and festivals. Often they put a carrot or some hay in their shoes, as a gift to St. Nicholas' horse. St. Nikolaus was a bishop who died in 343 and was known for doing good deeds. In Serbia, and among the Serb people living across the world, Saint Nicholas is the most widely celebrated family patron saint, celebrated as the feast day (Slava) of Nikoljdan. In Alsace, Lorraine, Argonne and in the countryside of Montbéliard Saint Nicolas is accompanied by the Père Fouettard, but the character of the Père Fouettard is well-known across all the French territory. His companion goes by many names, depending on the region. [5], The American Santa Claus, as well as the British Father Christmas, derive from Saint Nicholas. While the day may not receive the full religious celebration it does in Southern Germany and other traditionally Catholic regions, children across Europe look forward to this day each year. The bones of Albania's greatest hero, George Kastrioti, were also interred in the Church of Saint Nicholas in Lezha, Albania, upon his death.[7]. In the days leading up to December 6, children throughout E… [12] This day can be celebrated in some villages of other regions. Cold and hungry, a wicked butcher lured them into his shop where he killed them and salted them away in a large tub. He is said to appear in the company of Knecht Ruprecht, “Knecht” meaning “servant”. [13]. Saint Nicholas Day in Germany St. Nicholas of Myra is a popular Christian Saint among children across Europe because of his reputation as a bringer of gifts. Sometimes a Nikolaus impersonator also visits the children at school or in their homes and asks them if they have been good (sometimes ostensibly checking his golden book for their record), handing out presents on the basis of their behavior. Nikolaus in Germany. Many places, churches, convents, and schools are named in honor of Saint Nicholas, such as Escalier Saint-Nicolas des Arts, Saint Nicolas Garden, and Saint Nicolas Greek Orthodox Cathedral. In Belgium, they celebrate Sinterklaasfeest (Dutch-speaking) or la Saint-Nicolas (French-speaking) on the morning of 6 December. In Poland Mikołaj is often also accompanied by an angel (anděl / anjel / anioł / anhel) who acts as a counterweight to the ominous devil or Knecht Ruprecht (czart). Many children put a boot called Nikolaus-Stiefel (Nikolaus boot) outside the front door on the night of 5 December. St. Nicholas Day on December 6 celebrates of course carries some connection to Christmas and Santa Clause, but there is much more to this holiday and St. Nicholas than that. The Feast of Saint Nicholas is celebrated on the evening before 6 December, known as Shen'Kolli i Dimnit (Saint Nicholas of Winter), as well as on the commemoration of the interring of his bones in Bari, the evening before 9 May, known as Shen'Kolli i Majit (Saint Nicholas of May). St. Nicholas is referred to by many names throughout Europe such as Sinterklaas in the Netherlands or Nikolausin Germany. The Feast of Saint Nicholas is celebrated on the evening before 6 December, known as Shen'Kolli i Dimnit (Saint Nicholas of Winter), as well as on the commemoration of the interring of his bones in Bari, the evening before 9 May, known as Shen'Kolli i Majit (Saint Nicholas of May). Families invite relatives, sponsors, and neighbors for a meal of fish (usually ribnik, a carp wrapped in dough) and two loaves of ceremonial bread, all of which are blessed at church or at home. This is the favorite holiday of all children – it’s a gift-giving day. Three Kings and Epiphany, Advent and Christmas Celebrations in Germany, St. Martin’s Day (Martinstag) – November 11, Prinzregententorte – Bavarian Layered Chocolate Cake. Children who behaved badly may expect to find a twig or a piece of coal under their pillows. What is St. Nikolaus Day?? Dec 17, 2013 - Did you Know…. Widespread adoption of the tradition has spread among the German, Polish, Belgian and Dutch communities throughout the United States. There are many names for Krampus, as well as many regional variations in portrayal and celebration. Media related to Saint Nicholas Day at Wikimedia Commons, "Feast of Saint Nicholas" redirects here. The rise of Father Christmas (known in Dutch as de Kerstman) is often cited as an example of globalization and Americanisation. Others state that the black skin color of Zwarte Piet originates in his profession as a chimney sweep, hence the delivery of packages through the chimney. It was designed by the Maltese architect, Lorenzo Gafà, with the portico and naves being added by Nicola Zammit in the latter half of the 19th century. The tradition of Krampus was adapted by Czechs and Slovaks during the Austrian-Hungarian era. [citation needed]. Nov 21, 2014 - Did you Know…. In the days leading up to 5 or 6 December (starting when Saint Nicholas has arrived by steamboat around mid-November), young children put their shoes in front of the chimneys and sing Sinterklaas songs. By next morning Nikolaus (Szent Miklós traditionally but more commonly known as Mikulás in Hungary or Moş Nicolae (Sfântul Nicolae) in Romania) and in Ukraine Svyatyy Mykolay leaves candy and gifts if they have been good, or a rod (Hungarian: virgács, Romanian: nuieluşǎ) if they have been bad (most children end up getting small gifts, but also a small rod). That’s because it’s the day that children wake up to see what they have received from Saint Nikolaus. This is often done by placing a bag filled with presents outside the house or living room, after which a neighbor or parent bangs on the door or window, pretending to be Sinterklaas' assistant. The host wafts incense over the table, then lifts and breaks the bread. In the European countries of Germany and Poland, boys have traditionally dressed as bishops and begged alms for the poor. That today is St. Nikolaus Tag in Germany? Every December 6, Children in Germany celebrate St. Nikolaus Day. In Germany, St Nikolaus and his companion, visit homes on the evening of the 5 th, and ask whether Children were behaving. Since the feast of Saint Nicholas always falls in the fasting period preceding the Christmas, the feast is celebrated according to the Eastern Orthodox Church fasting rules ("Post"). In particular Dutch citizens with an Afro background or African roots might feel offended by the Dutch slavery history connected to this emblem and regard the representation of Zwarte Piet as racist. St. Nicholas ("San Nicolás") is the patron of the University of Valladolid, one of the medieval universities of Spain, and Alicante city. Its deeply felt celebration is called the Festa di San Nicola, held on 7–9 May. Each little one gets a gift for his performance. In parts of Germany, “Sankt Nikolaus,” or as we call him in English, St. Nicholas, brings gifts for children on “Nikolaustag,” St. Nicholas Day. In Luxembourg, Kleeschen is accompanied by the Houseker a frightening helper wearing a brown monk's habit. Some kids even left a bit of hay or straw for St. Nikolas’s Donkey) Children still wake to find, candies, gold coins, and even small treats on December 6th. The German St Nicholas Tradition. The date when Nikolaus/Nicholas makes his appearance is December 6, known in German as Niklolaustag (Nicholas Day). Bulgarians also observe 6 December as the name day for those with the names Nikola, Nikolay, Kolyo, Nikolina, Neno, Nenka, Nikoleta and Nina.[8]. Fish may be eaten on certain days, In Bulgaria, Saint Nicholas Day is celebrated on 6 December as Nikulden. When evening comes, St. Nicholas, a reverend gray-haired figure with flowing beard, wearing gorgeous bishop’s garments, gold embroidered cope, mitre and pastoral staff, knocks on doors and inquires about the behavior of the children. The Christmas gift-bringer is not Samichlaus, but the Christchindli. In the provinces of Trieste, Udine, Belluno, Bari (Terlizzi and Molfetta), South Tyrol, Trentino and in the eastern part of the Province of Treviso, St. Nicholas (San Niccolò) is celebrated with gifts given to children on the morning of 6 December and with a fair called Fiera di San Niccolò[14] during the first weeks of December. Albanian Catholics often swear by Saint Nicholas, saying "Pasha Shejnti Shen'Kollin!" [3] In Ukraine and Poland, children wait for St. Nicholas to come and to put a present under their pillows provided that the children were good during the year. Usually Mykolay is accompanied by an Angel (Janhol) and a Devil (Chort). On the morning of 6 December, those people will find their shoes/stockings filled with gifts and sugary treats. Hotels near St. Nikolaus: (0.21 mi) Kloster Arenberg (3.00 mi) City Partner Top Hotel Kraemer (2.72 mi) Brenner Hotel (4.11 mi) Fahrhaus (3.00 mi) GHOTEL hotel & living Koblenz; View all hotels near St. Nikolaus on Tripadvisor It is best to bake the cake in a special baking form shaped like the saint, or just a man. Stollen is a traditional German Christmas cake, and it’s delicious! 5 December is Krampus Night or Krampusnacht, in which the hairy devil appears on the streets. He is sometimes also present in the French Ardennes. Nicholas’ companions are usually ominous looking, rough, dark characters. When I grew up, each year on December 5th we cleaned our boots and lined them all up outside the house in hope for St.... Read More » [6], Among Albanians, Saint Nicholas is known as Shen'Kollë and is venerated by most Catholic families, even those from villages that are devoted to other saints. Therefore, many Sinterklaas songs still allude to a watching Zwarte Piet and a judging Sinterklaas. In the Flemish town of Dunkirk, Zwarte Piet is the companion of the Saint. ", "St. Nick's Day can be a nice little surprise". 5–6 December]) and puts presents under the pillow. Sankt Nikolaus is also inspiration for the Erzgebirge manufacturers who created Nutcracker St. Nicholas by Steinbach, or Smoker Holy Sant Nikolaus, for example. Nicholas dispenses gifts, while Krampus supplies coal and the ruten bundles. And in Germany, like in many other European countries, children put their Stiefel (boots) out on the eve of December 6 in the hopes of finding them filled with goodies the next morning. Guests will greet each other, saying, "Nata e Shen'Kollit ju nihmoftë!" In Germany Santa Claus isn’t coming Christmas eve he is coming on December 6th.. What is St. Nikolaus Day?? Related articles: St. Nicholas Day, or Eve, is celebrated on December 6. 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