Inductive Bible Study on Joshua 7 – The Sin of Achan. Joshua 7. (1) Not all of Israel obeyed the law of the devoted things. But, although apparently breathing a spirit of bold remonstrance and complaint, it was in reality the effusion of a deeply humbled and afflicted mind, expressing his belief that God could not, after having so miraculously brought His people over Jordan into the promised land, intend to destroy them, to expose them to the insults of their triumphant enemies, and bring reproach upon His own name for inconstancy or unkindness to His people, or inability to resist their enemies. Copyright © 2020, Bible Study Tools. But the children of Israel — That is, one of them. 1. the children of Israel committed a trespass in the accursed thing--There was one transgressor against the cherem, or ban, on Jericho, and his transgression brought the guilt and disgrace of sin upon the whole nation. Joshua rent his clothes, and fell to the earth . Joshua 7:1 But the children of Israel committed a trespass in the accursed thing: for Achan, the son … 1. glory to God--a form of adjuration to tell the truth. I would describe his position as mildly conservative, although he certainly sees the value and importance of critical studies. . Commentary on Joshua 7:6-9 (Read Joshua 7:6-9) Joshua's concern for the honour of God, more than even for the fate of Israel, was the language of the Spirit of adoption. . The Consequences Of Sin Joshua 7:1-26 I’m not going to take time to read all of Joshua chapter 7 right now I will cover it as I preach this sermon. 6-9. THE ISRAELITES SMITTEN AT AI. 1 But the children of Israel committed a trespass in the accursed thing: for Achan, the son of Carmi, the son of Zabdi, the son of Zerah, of the tribe of Judah, took of the accursed thing: and the anger of the Lord was kindled against the children of Israel. All rights reserved. 26. they raised over him a great heap of stones--It is customary to raise cairns over the graves of criminals or infamous persons in the East still. 5. chased them from before the gate even unto Shebarim--that is, unto the "breakings" or "fissures" at the opening of the passes. And Joshua converses with Achan in verses 19 through 21. of Num. Joshua sits judge, and, though abundantly satisfied of his guilt by the determination of the lot, yet urges him to make a penitent confession, that his soul might be saved by it in the other world, though he could not give him any encouragement to hope that he should save his life by it. 18:32; Deut. Ezek. 4, 5. they fled before the men of Ai--An unexpected resistance, and the loss of thirty-six of their number diffused a panic, which ended in an ignominious rout. Please enter your email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue. The discovery of Achan by the lot, which proved a perfect lot, though it proceeded gradually. 25 and Deut. Introduction After such a tremendous victory at Jericho, Joshua chapter 7 is surprising to say the least. Zerah--or Zarah, son of Judah and Tamar ( Genesis 38:30 ). . . 5:9). All rights reserved. Proud member 1. the children of Israel committed a trespass in the accursed thing--There was one transgressor against the cherem, or ban, on Jericho, and his transgression brought the guilt and disgrace of sin upon the whole nation. He pleaded with God. More than once we have found the affairs of Israel, even when they were in the happiest posture and gave the most hopeful prospects, perplexed and embarrassed by sin, and a stop thereby put to the most promising proceedings. ... From John Wesley’s commentary: “If it be pretended that some of them were infants; the text doth not say so, but only calls them sons and daughters. Compiled & Edited by BibleStudyTools Staff, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible, California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. the son of Zerah, of the tribe of Judah, took some of them. The LORD spoke to Joshua: Joshua – who was not a young man at this time – had spent his entire career previously as the assistant of Moses, now finds that it is his own time to lead, but only after God prepared him. Joshua 6 Joshua 8 Chapter 7 More than once we have found the affairs of Israel, even when they were in the happiest posture and gave the most hopeful prospects, perplexed and embarrassed by sin, and a stop thereby put to the most promising proceedings. ADAM CLARKE Commentary on Joshua. . Benson Commentary Joshua 7:1. Joshua 7 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this verse-by-verse commentary contain gems of information found nowhere outside the ancient Jewish writings the name of that place was called, The valley of Achor--("trouble"), unto this day--So painful an episode would give notoriety to the spot, and it is more than once noted by the sacred writers of a later age ( Isaiah 65:10 , Hosea 2:15 ). on their heads. The conditions of the covenant have been violated by the reservation of spoil from the doomed city; wickedness, emphatically called folly, has been committed in Israel ( Psalms 14:1 ), and dissimulation, with other aggravations of the crime, continues to be practised. 7 But the people of Israel broke faith in regard to the devoted things, for a Achan the son of Carmi, son of Zabdi, son of Zerah, of the tribe of Judah, took some of the devoted things. The language of Joshua's prayer is thought by many to savor of human infirmity and to be wanting in that reverence and submission he owed to God. . . The lot being appealed to ( Proverbs 16:33 ), he proceeded in the inquiry from heads of tribes to heads of families, and from heads of households in succession to one family, and to particular persons in that family, until the criminal was found to be Achan, who, on Joshua's admonition, confessed the fact of having secreted for his own use, in the floor of his tent, spoil both in garments and money [ Joshua 7:19-21 ]. Joshua 7:19-21. Joshua 23:7 That ye come not among these nations, these that remain among you; neither make mention of the name of their gods, nor cause to swear [by them], neither serve them, nor bow yourselves unto them:. Yahweh said to Abram, “Get out of your country, and from your relatives, and from your father’s house, to the land that I will show you. he and the elders--It is evident, from those tokens of humiliation and sorrow, that a solemn fast was observed on this occasion. Filter The Archives: Wordpress Meta Data and Taxonomies Filter So Joshua rose up early, and brought Israel by their tribes--that is, before the tabernacle. "But the children of Israel committed a trespass in the accursed thing: for Achan, the son of Carmi, … The commentary on Joshua by Trent C. Butler in the Word Biblical Commentary series contains a significant amount of interesting introductory information concerning both source criticism and form criticism. They put their tents by … Salem Media Group. We'll send you an email with steps on how to reset your password. a wedge of gold--literally, an ingot or bar in the shape of a tongue, worth about $500. The golden calf, the murmuring at Kadesh, and the iniquity of Peor, had broken their measures and given them great disturbance; and in this chapter we have such another instance of the interruption given to the progress of their arms by sin. 22, 23. 2. Recorded at the Bible Lessons International studio. Accordingly, spies went up the mountain pass to view the country. The righteous God has many ways of bringing to light the hidden works of darkness. 3. c. Moses’ assistant: Joshua was prepared by faithful service in small things, in being Moses’ assistant. for they are but few--As the population of Ai amounted to twelve thousand ( Joshua 8:25 ), it was a considerable town; though in the hasty and distant reconnoitre made by the spies, it probably appeared small in comparison to Jericho; and this may have been the reason for their proposing so small a detachment to capture it. 19. Proud member Let’s read that. Achan--called afterwards "Achar" ("trouble") ( 1 Chronicles 2:7). Joshua 7 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary, by the leading authority in the Church of Christ, presents a verse level look at the Bible. 16-18. How the Lord spoke is uncertain. 24-26. CHAPTER 7. and smote them in the going down--that is, the declivity or slope of the deep, rugged, adjoining wady. Joshua 7:1-26 Israel has just been involved in the greatest military conquest in their history. Joshua sent men from Jericho to Ai--After the sacking of Jericho, the next step was to penetrate into the hills above. And Joshua sent men from Jericho, to Ai, which is beside Beth-aven, on the east side of Beth-el, and … Article Images Copyright © 2020 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. If only we had been content to stay on the other side of the Jordan! Salem Media Group. His arraignment and examination, Joshua 7:19. Joshua 7:1.ACHAN'S TRESPASS. Joshua 7 (King James Version) 1 But the children of Israel committed a trespass in the accursed thing: for Achan, the son of Carmi, the son of Zabdi, the son of Zerah, of the tribe of Judah, took of the accursed thing: and the anger of the LORD was kindled against the children of Israel. Suddenly we are presented with a series of failures that stand in striking contrast to the wonderful victories of the past six chapters. Joshua 7 commentary 1. See also, how much it is our concern, when God is contending with us, to find out the cause that troubles us. "All Israel" was present, not only as spectators, but active agents, as many as possible, in inflicting the punishment--thus testifying their abhorrence of the sacrilege, and their intense solicitude to regain the divine favor. Joshua, and all Israel with him, took Achan--He with his children and all his property, cattle as well as movables, were brought into one of the long broad ravines that open into the Ghor, and after being stoned to death ( Numbers 15:30-35 ), his corpse, with all belonging to him, was consumed to ashes by fire. Joshua sent messengers, and they ran unto the tent--from impatient eagerness not only to test the truth of the story, but to clear Israel from the imputation of guilt. We have here an account of the deep concern Joshua was in upon this sad occasion. ( Numbers 32:23 ). He tore his clothes, fell on the ground before the ark, and covered his head with dust. two hundred shekels of silver--about $200 according to the old Mosaic shekel, or the half of that sum, reckoning by the common shekel. It is likely that Joshua heard God speak in the still small voice that Elijah heard (1 Kings 19:12). As the divine law expressly forbade the children to be put to death for their father's sins ( Deuteronomy 24:16 ), the conveyance of Achan's "sons and daughters" to the place of execution might be only as spectators, that they might take warning by the parental fate; or, if they shared his punishment ( Joshua 22:20 ), they had probably been accomplices in his crime, and, indeed, he could scarcely have dug a hole within his tent without his family being aware of it. 10-15. the Lord said unto Joshua, Get thee up--The answer of the divine oracle was to this effect: the crisis is owing not to unfaithfulness in Me, but sin in the people. Copyright © 2020, Bible Study Tools. He laments their defeat, as he feared it would reflect on God's wisdom and power, his goodness and faithfulness. Beth-aven--("house of vanity")--a name afterwards given derisively ( Hosea 4:15 , 5:8 , 10:5 ), on account of its idolatries, to Beth-el, "house of God," but here referred to another place, about six miles east of Beth-el and three north of Ai. 1451.) Defeat at Ai. See the folly of those that promise themselves secrecy in sin. Joshua 7:6-7 Joshua himself showed a grave lack of spiritual strength and discernment. Joshua 7 Commentary, this commentary, filling six volumes, provides an exhaustive look at every verse in the Bible. Means must, without delay, be taken to discover and punish the perpetrator of this trespass that Israel may be released from the ban, and things be restored to their former state of prosperity. 1 John 1:8 says, If we say that we have no sin, we deceive ourselves, and the truth is not in us. Ver. We all commit sin. of John Trapp Complete Commentary. But the consternation of the Israelites arose from another cause--the evident displeasure of God, who withheld that aid on which they had confidently reckoned. Discussion Questions. Home >> Bible Studies >> Joshua >> Joshua 7. That ye come not among these nations.] Unable to understand the cause of the present calamity, he owned the hand of God. Joshua 7 – Commentary on Joshua – Achan’s Sin. Please enter your email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue. Article Images Copyright © 2020 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. He, as a public person, interested himself more than any other in this public loss, and is therein an example to princes and great men, and teaches them to lay much to heart the calamities that befal their people: he is also a type of Christ, to whom the blood of his subjects is precious. The plain of Shinar was in early times celebrated for its gorgeous robes, which were of brilliant and various colors, generally arranged in figured patterns, probably resembling those of modern Turkish carpets, and the colors were either interwoven in the loom or embroidered with the needle. 21. a goodly Babylonish garment--literally, "a mantle of Shinar." wherefore the hearts of the people melted, and became as water--It is evident that the troops engaged were a tumultuary, undisciplined band, no better skilled in military affairs than the Bedouin Arabs, who become disheartened and flee on the loss of ten or fifteen men. v1 Early in the morning, Joshua and all the *Israelites left the city of Shittim. And the anger of the L ord burned against the people of Israel. How instructive this is if … We have here. Though we may suppose that Joshua slept the better, and with more ease and satisfaction, when he knew the worst of the disease of that body of which, under God, he was the head, and was put into a certain method of cure, yet, Compiled & Edited by BibleStudyTools Staff, Matthew Henry Commentary on the Whole Bible (Complete), California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. Calvary Tucson Teachings Archive: Achan's Sin - Joshua 7. The people are liable to destruction equally with the accursed nations of Canaan ( Deuteronomy 7:26 ). So the Lord’s anger burned against Israel. Achan--called afterwards "Achar" ("trouble") ( 1 Chronicles 2:7 ). The statement, "The Lord spake unto Joshua," or something to the same effect, occurs three times in the narrative of the crossing (3:7; 4:1, 15). But it being only the sin of one person or family, and soon expiated, the consequences were not so mischievous as of those other sins; however it served to let them know that they were still upon their good behaviour. . We'll send you an email with steps on how to reset your password. Clarke (1760-1832) was Methodist, Wesleyan, Arminian, (e.g., Clarke "suggested that although God can know all future events, He chooses not to know some events beforehand" Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible, page 808).He did not always interpret Scripture literally and so was amillennial (to quote Clarke on 1000 years - "I am satisfied that this period should … 8 Pardon your servant, Lord. 24:16) and corporate responsibility (cf. Joshua said unto Achan, My son, give . Joshua 7-8 lesson by Dr. Bob Utley, retired professor of hermeneutics (Bible interpretation). Observe, 1. Joshua 7:2-26 . Joshua 3:7-17 COMMENTARY: THE CONTEXT: The context for this text begins with the call of Abram. I will bless you and make your name great. But however it happened, now Joshua and all Israel know who the culprit is. (b.c. Achan is detected, He is destroyed. His genealogy is given probably to show that from a parentage so infamous the descendants would not be carefully trained in the fear of God. The precise site of Ai, or Hai, is indicated with sufficient clearness ( Genesis 12:8 , 13:3 ) and has been recently discovered in an isolated tell, called by the natives Tell-el-Hajar, "the mount of stones," at two miles', or thirty-five minutes' distance, east southeast from Beth-el [VAN DE VELDE]. I will make of you a great nation. We have here God’s answer to Joshua’s address, which, we may suppose, came from the oracle over the ark, before which Joshua had prostrated himself, We have in these verses,I. Choose a verse from 'Joshua 7' to begin your 'Verse-by-Verse' study of God's Word using the more than 100 commentaries available on StudyLight.org 7. JOSHUA 7 COMME TARY EDITED BY GLE PEASE Achan’s Sin 1 But the Israelites were unfaithful in regard to the devoted things[a]; Achan son of Karmi, the son of Zimri,[b] the son of Zerah, of the tribe of Judah, took some … Times of … [19 And Joshua said unto Achan, My son, give, I pray thee, glory to the LORD God of Israel, and make confession unto him; and tell me now what thou hast done; hide it not from me. The Sin of Achan. Let not all the people go up, . How dreadful must have been his feelings when he saw the slow but certain process of discovery! 7 And Joshua said, “Alas, Sovereign Lord, why did you ever bring this people across the Jordan to deliver us into the hands of the Amorites to destroy us? Joshua 7 – Defeat at Ai and Achan’s Sin A. Having discovered the stolen articles, they laid them out before the Lord, "as a token of their belonging to Him" on account of the ban. before the ark . 7:11 "Israel has sinned" God revealed to Joshua that both theft and deceit had caused the whole nation to suffer. Zabdi--or Zimri ( 1 Chronicles 2:6). Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary 7:10-15 God awakens Joshua to inquiry, by telling him that when this accursed thing was put away, all would be well. 2 Now Joshua sent men from Jericho to Ai, which is near Beth Aven to the east of Bethel, and told them, “Go up and spy out the region.” So the men went up and spied out Ai. This is a balance between the Old Testament emphasis on individual responsibility (cf. These were all ways to show his grief and dismay. They have just witnessed the tremendous defeat of the city of Jericho … Zabdi--or Zimri ( 1 Chronicles 2:6 ). II. 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