• An Australian citizen has the privilege of registering their children who are born overseas as Australian citizens by descent. Note:          One of the effects of this subsection is that the Minister is able to revoke the person’s citizenship: see section 34. (1)  Subject to this section, for the purposes of section 21 a person (the applicant) satisfies the special residence requirement if: (i)  the applicant is seeking to engage in an activity specified under subsection 22C(1); (ii)  the applicant’s engagement in that activity would be of benefit to Australia; (iii)  the applicant needs to be an Australian citizen in order to engage in that activity; (iv)  in order for the applicant to engage in that activity, there is insufficient time for the applicant to satisfy the general residence requirement (see section 22); and, (b)  the head of an organisation specified under subsection 22C(2), or a person whom the Minister is satisfied holds a senior position in that organisation, has given the Minister a notice in writing stating that the applicant has a reasonable prospect of being engaged in that activity; and, (c)  the applicant was present in Australia for a total of at least 180 days during the period of 2 years immediately before the day the applicant made the application; and, (d)  the applicant was present in Australia for a total of at least 90 days during the period of 12 months immediately before the day the applicant made the application; and, (e)  the applicant was ordinarily resident in Australia throughout the period of 2 years immediately before the day the applicant made the application; and, (f)  the applicant was a permanent resident for the period of 2 years immediately before the day the applicant made the application; and. (6)  For the purposes of subsection (3), if: (a)  a person causes any modification or impairment of a kind mentioned in that subsection; and. (d)  if the Minister does so—the child ceases to be an Australian citizen at the time of the revocation. For more information on any modifications, see the series page on the Legislation Register for the compiled law. (7A)  The Minister may decide that subparagraph (6)(a)(ii) does not apply in relation to a person if, taking into account the circumstances that resulted in the person’s conviction, the Minister is satisfied that it would be unreasonable for that subparagraph to apply in relation to the person. (b)  for an adoption in accordance with a bilateral arrangement—has the same meaning as in the Bilateral Arrangements regulations. (3)  The Minister must not revoke a child’s Australian citizenship under subsection (1) if the Minister is satisfied that the child would then become a person who is not a national or citizen of any country. Full details of any changes can be obtained from the Office of Parliamentary Counsel. Confer means to give, so citizenship by conferral means to be given citizenship. (6)  A person is eligible to become an Australian citizen if the Minister is satisfied that: (a)  the person was born outside Australia; and, (b)  a parent of the person was not an Australian citizen at the time of the person’s birth; and, (c)  the parent had ceased to be an Australian citizen under section 17 of the old Act (about dual citizenship) before that time; and. means the day on which sections 2A to 54 (as originally enacted) commence. Note:          A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matters in subsection (2) (see subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code). (10)  However, a statement under subsection (9) is not to include the name of the applicant. (1A)  The Minister must not approve the person becoming an Australian citizen unless the person is eligible to become an Australian citizen under subsection 21(2), (3), (4), (5), (6), (7) or (8). (2)  Subject to subsection (3), the applicant is taken not to satisfy paragraph (1)(c) if, at any time during the 2 year period mentioned in that paragraph, the applicant was: (b)  confined in a psychiatric institution by order of a court made in connection with proceedings for an offence against an Australian law in relation to the applicant. (2)  The Minister may, by writing, authorise a person to issue notices under this section. (1)  If the Minister makes a decision under this Act in relation to a person, the Minister must give the person notice of the decision. If the compilation includes editorial changes, the endnotes include a brief outline of the changes in general terms. 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